|Hollybrook Cemetery and the Hollybrook Memorial|
German Plot WW2
This cemetery is located off Tremona Road, opposite the general Accident and Emergency Hospital. From Junction 5 of the M27, take the A35 (Burgess Road/Winchester Road) and follow signs for general hospital.
Southampton was No 1 Port during the First World War and military hospitals were established in the University buildings, in the Highfield Institution and at Shirley Warren. During the Second World War, 4.5 million tons of military equipment passed through Southampton docks and parts of the prefabricated harbours used at Arromanches during the Normandy invasion were made there. For a while, Southampton was also base to the 14th Major Port Transportation Corps of the United States Army. Southampton (Hollybrook) Cemetery contains burials of both wars and a memorial to the missing. The cemetery has a First World War plot near the main entrance containing most of the 113 graves from this period. Behind this plot is the Hollybrook Memorial which commemorates by name almost 1,900 servicemen and women of the Commonwealth land and air forces whose graves are not known, many of whom were lost in transports or other vessels torpedoed or mined in home waters. It also bears the names of those who were lost or buried at sea, or who died at home but whose bodies could not be recovered for burial. Most of the 186 Second World War burials are in a separate war graves plot. 3 of these burials are unidentified seaman of the Merchant Navy. In addition to the Commonwealth war graves, the cemetery contains 67 war graves of other nationalities, many of them German, of which 3 are unidentified.
No. of Identified Casualties: 364
The Hollybrook Memorial is situated in Southampton (Hollybrook) Cemetery behind the plot of First World War graves near the main entrance. The cemetery is located off Tremona Road, opposite the general Accident & Emergency Hospital. From junction 5 of the M27, take the A35 (Burgess Road/Winchester Road) and follow the signs for the general hospital.
Visitor information panels have recently been installed at Southampton (Hollybrook) Cemetery to provide information about the war casualties buried and commemorated here. Panels are being erected to help raise awareness of First and Second World War graves in the UK (Feb 2013).
The Hollybrook Memorial commemorates by name almost 1,900 servicemen and
women of the Commonwealth land and air forces* whose graves are not known, many
of whom were lost in transports or other vessels torpedoed or mined in home
waters (*Officers and men of the Commonwealth's navies who have no grave but the
sea are commemorated on memorials elsewhere). The memorial also bears the names
of those who were lost or buried at sea, or who died at home but whose bodies
could not be recovered for burial. Almost one third of the names on the memorial
are those of officers and men of the South African Native Labour Corps, who died
when the troop transport Mendi sank in the Channel following a collision on 21
February 1917. Other vessels sunk with significant loss of life were:
HS Anglia, a hospital ship sunk by mine off Dover on 17 November 1915.
SS Citta Di Palermo, an Italian transport carrying Commonwealth troops, sunk by mine off Brindisi on 8 January 1916. In rescuing survivors, two Royal Naval Otranto drifters were themselves mined and blown up.
HMTs Donegal and Warilda, ambulance transports torpedoed and sunk between Le Havre and Southampton on 17 April 1917 and 3 August 1918.
HS Glenart Castle, a hospital ship torpedoed and sunk off Lundy on 26 February 1918.
SS Galway Castle, torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic on 12 September 1918.
RMS Leinster, the Irish mail boat, torpedoed and sunk in the Irish Sea on 10 October 1918.
Among those commemorated on the Hollybrook Memorial is Field Marshall Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, who died when the battle cruiser HMS Hampshire was mined and sunk off Scapa Flow on 5 June 1916.
(There were 14 members of the Indian Forces commemorated here who are now known to have been cremated at Patcham Down, Sussex, and are now commemorated on a dedicated memorial there).
The memorial was designed by T. Newham and unveiled by Sir William Robertson on 10 December 1930.
No. of Identified Casualties: 1872
Private Thomas Birch
3rd Garrison Bn.
Royal Welsh Fusiliers
10th October 1918, aged 24.
Son of John Pickles, of 31, Caldervale Rd., Burnley; husband of Ada Pickles, of 20, Hinton St., Fulledge, Burnley.
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