LONE PINE CEMETERY (ANZAC)

 

 

Gallipoli

 

 

Turkey

 

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Pictures courtesy of Brian Budge

 

Location Information

The Anzac and Suvla cemeteries are first signposted from the left hand junction of the Eceabat - Bigali road. From this junction you should travel into the main Anzac area.

At 7.6kms., take a right turn to Chunuk Bair and initially take the road to Kemalyeri. At 10.3kms, Lone Pine will be found on the left. Lone Pine Cemetery stand on the plateau at the top of Victoria Gully.




Visiting Information

The Cemetery is permanently open and may be visited at any time. Wheelchair access to the cemetery is possible via the main entrance.

Please note that in the absence of a cemetery register, visitors are advised to locate the Grave/Memorial reference before visiting. This information can be found in the CASUALTY RECORDS within the CWGC site.

For further information and enquiries please contact enquiries@cwgc.org





Historical Information

The eight month campaign in Gallipoli was fought by Commonwealth and French forces in an attempt to force Turkey out of the war, to relieve the deadlock of the Western Front in France and Belgium, and to open a supply route to Russia through the Dardanelles and the Black Sea.

The Allies landed on the peninsula on 25-26 April 1915; the 29th Division at Cape Helles in the south and the Australian and New Zealand Corps north of Gaba Tepe on the west coast, an area soon known as Anzac. On 6 August, further landings were made at Suvla, just north of Anzac, and the climax of the campaign came in early August when simultaneous assaults were launched on all three fronts.

Lone Pine was a strategically important plateau in the southern part of Anzac which was briefly in the hands of Australian forces following the landings on 25 April. It became a Turkish strong point from May to July, when it was known by them as 'Kanli Sirt' (Bloody Ridge).

The Australians pushed mines towards the plateau from the end of May to the beginning of August and on the afternoon of 6 August, after mine explosions and bombardment from land and sea, the position was stormed by the 1st Australian Brigade. By 10 August, the Turkish counter-attacks had failed and the position was consolidated. It was held by the 1st Australian Division until 12 September, and then by the 2nd, until the evacuation of the peninsula in December.

The original battle cemetery of 46 graves was enlarged after the Armistice when scattered graves were brought in from the neighbourhood, and from Brown's Dip North and South Cemeteries, which contained the graves of 149 Australian soldiers. These cemeteries were in the depression at the head of Victoria Gully, behind the Australian trenches of April-August 1915.

There are now 1,167 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War buried or commemorated in this cemetery. 504 of the burials are unidentified. Special memorials commemorate 183 soldiers (all but one of them Australian, most of whom died in August), who were known or believed to have been buried in Lone Pine Cemetery, or in the cemeteries at Brown's Dip.



Within the cemetery stands the LONE PINE MEMORIAL It commemorates more than 4,900 Australian and New Zealand servicemen who died in the Anzac area - the New Zealanders prior to the fighting in August 1915 - whose graves are not known. Others named on the memorial died at sea and were buried in Gallipoli waters.
 

 

 

 

 

236 Sergeant

William Wallace Bentley Allen

9th Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

25th April 1915, aged 29.

Plot L. 5.

 

Son of Jane Allen, of "Arlie," Hurd St., Portland, Victoria, Australia, and the late Charles Allen. Native of Hamilton, Victoria. His brother Charles Alexander Allen also fell.

 

 

493 Private

Harry Cyril Bourne

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

20th May 1915.

Plot II. E. 10.

 

724 Private

Herbert Bowen

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

Between 7th August 1915 and 14th August 1915, aged 23.

Sp. Mem. C. 11.

 

Son of John Bowen, of Duri, New South Wales, and the late Bridget Bowen. Native of West Tamworth, New South Wales.

 

 

Captain

Garnet Wollesley Brown

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

Between 6th August 1915 and 8th August 1915, aged 25.

Sp. Mem. C. 14.

 

Son of W. D. and Emily Ann Brown, of "Wentworth," Wentworth St., Eastwood, New South Wales. Of Ashfield, New South Wales.

 

1087 Private

Oliver James Cumberland

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry,

A. I. F.

8th August 1915, aged 25.

Plot I. H. 14.

 

Son of the late George Atcheson Cumberland and Sarah Cumberland. Native of Scone, New South Wales.

 

His remains were found 13th October 1922 and buried at Lone Pine Cemetery.

Brother of Joseph who is buried in

 Alexandria Chatby Military and War Memorial Cemetery

 

Picture courtesy of Harry Willey

 

 

1752 Private

 James Whittaker Edmondson
 1st Australian Army
Died 2nd July 1915, aged 31.

Plot I. H. 6.

 

Son of Robert Whittaker Edmondson and Margaret Alice Edmondson; husband of Mrs. S. E. Edmondson, of 9, Blencoe St., Leederville, Western Australia. Native of Burnley, Lancs., England.

 

Private 789

Stanley Owen Stafford

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

Between 6th August 1915 and 9th August 1915, aged 21.

Sp. Mem. C. 137.

 

Son of Thomas G. and Alice Stafford. Native of Lithgow, New South Wales.

 

 

 

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