LONE PINE MEMORIAL

 

 

Gallipoli

 

 

Turkey

 

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Pictures courtesy of Brian Budge

 

Location Information

The Lone Pine Memorial is at the east end of Lone Pine Cemetery.
The Anzac and Suvla cemeteries are first signposted from the left hand junction of the Eceabat - Bigali road. From this junction you should travel into the main Anzac area.

At 7.6kms., take a right turn to Chunuk Bair and initially take the road to Kemalyeri. At 10.3kms, Lone Pine will be found on the left. Lone Pine Cemetery stand on the plateau at the top of Victoria Gully.
 




Visiting Information

The Cemetery is permanently open and may be visited at any time. Wheelchair access to the cemetery is possible via the main entrance.

Please note that in the absence of a cemetery register, visitors are advised to locate the Grave/Memorial reference before visiting. This information can be found in the CASUALTY RECORDS within the CWGC site.

For further information and enquiries please contact enquiries@cwgc.org





Historical Information

The eight month campaign in Gallipoli was fought by Commonwealth and French forces in an attempt to force Turkey out of the war, to relieve the deadlock of the Western Front in France and Belgium, and to open a supply route to Russia through the Dardanelles and the Black Sea.

The Allies landed on the peninsula on 25-26 April 1915; the 29th Division at Cape Helles in the south and the Australian and New Zealand Corps north of Gaba Tepe on the west coast, an area soon known as Anzac. On 6 August, further landings were made at Suvla, just north of Anzac, and the climax of the campaign came in early August when simultaneous assaults were launched on all three fronts.

Lone Pine was a strategically important plateau in the southern part of Anzac which was briefly in the hands of Australian forces following the landings on 25 April. It became a Turkish strong point from May to July, when it was known by them as 'Kanli Sirt' (Bloody Ridge).

The Australians pushed mines towards the plateau from the end of May to the beginning of August and on the afternoon of 6 August, after mine explosions and bombardment from land and sea, the position was stormed by the 1st Australian Brigade. By 10 August, the Turkish counter-attacks had failed and the position was consolidated. It was held by the 1st Australian Division until 12 September, and then by the 2nd, until the evacuation of the peninsula in December.

The LONE PINE MEMORIAL stands on the site of the fiercest fighting at Lone Pine and overlooks the whole front line of May 1915. It commemorates more than 4,900 Australian and New Zealand servicemen who died in the Anzac area - the New Zealanders prior to the fighting in August 1915 - whose graves are not known. Others named on the memorial died at sea and were buried in Gallipoli waters.

 



The memorial stands in LONE PINE CEMETERY. The original small battle cemetery was enlarged after the Armistice when scattered graves were brought in from the neighbourhood, and from Brown's Dip North and South Cemeteries, which were behind the Australian trenches of April-August 1915.

There are now 1,167 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War buried or commemorated in this cemetery. 504 of the burials are unidentified. Special memorials commemorate 183 soldiers (all but one of them Australian, most of whom died in August), who were known or believed to have been buried in Lone Pine Cemetery, or in the cemeteries at Brown's Dip.

 

 

 

Victoria Cross Recipients

 

 Corporal, ALEXANDER STEWART BURTON

384. 7th Bn. Australian Infantry, A. I. F. 8th/9th August 1915, aged 21. Won the award 09/08/1915.

Son of Alfred E. and Isabella Burton. Native of Kyneton, Victoria, Australia.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette," No. 29328, dated 15th Oct., 1915, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery at Lone Pine trenches in the Gallipoli Peninsula on the 9th Aug., 1915. In the early morning the enemy made a determined counter-attack on the centre of the newly captured trench held by Lieutenant Tubb, Corporals Burton and Dunstan, and a few men. They advanced up a sap and blew in a sandbag barricade, leaving only one foot of it standing, but Lieutenant Tubb, with the two corporals, repulsed the enemy and rebuilt the barricade. Supported by strong bombing parties, the enemy twice again succeeded in blowing in the barricade, but on each occasion they were repulsed and the barricade rebuilt, although Lieutenant Tubb was wounded in the head and arm, and Corporal Burton was killed by a bomb while most gallantly building up the parapet under a hail of bombs."

 

 

 Captain, ALFRED JOHN SHOUT

1st Bn. Australian Infantry, A. I. F. 11/08/1915, aged 35. Won the award 09/08/1915.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette," No. 29328, dated 15th Oct., 1915, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery at Lone Pine trenches, in the Gallipoli Peninsula. On the morning of the 9th Aug., 1915, with a very small party, Capt. Shout charged down trenches strongly occupied by the enemy, and personally threw four bombs among them, killing eight and routing the remainder. In the afternoon of the same day, from the position gained in the morning, he captured a further length of trench under similar conditions, and continued personally to bomb the enemy at close range under very heavy fire until he was severely wounded, losing his right hand and left eye. This most gallant officer has since succumbed to his injuries."

 

 

9 Private

Edgar William Bell

16th Bn. Australian Infantry,

2nd May 1915.

Panel 52.

 

Husband of Adelaide Winifred Macrone

 

Picture courtesy of Debbie Bond

 

709 Trooper

Edgar Vernon Brady

10th Australian Light Horse

7th August 1915, aged 33.

Panel 10.

 

Son of Edward Foster Brady and Harriett Ann Brady; husband of Rose Harriett Brady, of 87, North Beach Rd., Leederville, Western Australia. Native of South Australia.

6/807 Corporal

William Brass

Canterbury Regiment

N. Z. E. F.

between 25th April 1915 and 1st May 1915, aged 26.

Panel 74.

 

Son of James Gillies Brass and Isabella Bews Brass, of Kelton St. Ola, Kirkwall, Orkney Islands.

 

 

Short Biography of this soldier

 

Picture courtesy of Brian Budge

 

 

 

 

 

1679 Private

William Robert Brereton

23rd Bn., Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

10th November 1915.

Panel 65.

265 Private

Geoffrey G. Broome

15th Bn. Australian Infantry,

18th May 1915, aged 18.

Panel 45.

 

Son of William and Frances Broome of Rockhampton, Qld, Australia

 

Picture courtesy of great nephew Cameron Gibbs

 

 

 

 

 

Second Lieutenant

Joseph Henry Cooke

11th Bn., Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

2nd May 1915, aged 32.

Panel 33.

 

Son of Alfred Edward and Elizabeth Catherine Cooke; husband of Rosetta A. B. Cooke, of Wickepin, Western Australia. Native of England.

1939 Private

Percy Charles Davis

1st Bn. Australian Infantry,

Between 6th August 1915 and 11th August 1915, aged 25.

Panel 14.

 

Son of Charles Samuel and Isabella Davis. Native of Stewart's Brook, Scone, New South Wales.

 

 

Photo courtesy of Mrs Beryl Collison and submitted by Harry Willey

 

 

 

 

 

507 Private

Alfred Terah Elwood

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

17th May 1915.

Panel 17.

 

166 Lance Corporal

Noel William Howard Gale

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

2nd May 1915, aged 20.

Panel 16.

 

Son of Blanche Gale, of "Glengarrah," Lagoon St., Goulburn, New South Wales, and the late William Gale.

 

Major

Charles George Gordon

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

25th April 1915, aged 45.

Panel 16.

 

Son of Robert and Annie Gordon; husband of J. M. E. Gordon. Native of Kingstown, Ireland.

 

 

 

 

 

1434 Corporal

George William Greengrass

14th Bn., Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

8th August 1915, aged 24.

Panel 40.

 

Son of George and Jane Greengrass, of 31, Stephen St., Yarraville, Victoria, Australia. Native of Footscray.

 

 

Major

James Logie Harcus

20th Bn. Australian Infantry

11th December 1915, aged 34.

Panel 64.

 

Son of Andrew and Jane Harcus, of Heatherbank, Westray, Orkney, Scotland.

Short biography of this officer

Picture courtesy of Brian Budge

 

415 Private

Richard Alexander Jarman

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

29th April 1915.

Panel 18.

 

517 Private

Harold Keers

15th Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

8th August 1915.

Panel 46.

 

32 Lance Corporal

Harry Linklater

18th Bn. Australian Infantry,

22nd August 1915, aged 25.

Panel 60.

 

Son of George and Mary Linklater, of Fillets, Graemsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland.

 

 

Short Biography of this soldier

 

Picture courtesy of Brian Budge

 

710 Lance Sergeant

Ian Gordon MacInnes

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry,

between25th April 1915 and 30th April 1915, aged 30.

Panel 17.

 

Son of the Rev. George MacInnes, D.D. and Margaret MacInnes, of 45, Liverpool Rd., Summer Hill, New South Wales. Native of Ashfield.

 

 

Picture courtesy of Harry Willey

 

72 Lance Corporal

Eugene Patrick Mahony

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

20th May 1915.

Panel 16.

 

 

489 Private

Michael Malloy

1st Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

23rd May 1915.

Panel 15.

 

330 Private

Oliver James Osborn

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

2nd May 1915.

Panel 18.

 

981 Private

Charles Howard Proctor

2nd Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

2nd May 1915, aged 23.

Panel 18.

 

Son of Richard and Elizabeth Proctor, of West Maitland New South Wales.

 

 

 

359 Private

George Ernest Watts

15th Bn., Australian Infantry, A.I.F.

9th May 1915, aged 22.

Panel 50.

 

Son of Ernest George Watts, of "Allies," Howard St., Rosalie, Queensland. Native of Brisbane.