MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY
Mikra British Cemetery is situated approximately 8 kilometres south of
Thessaloniki, in the municipality of Kalamaria (behind the army camp of Ntalipi).
. Access is via the main entrance on Vryoylon Street, directly opposite the
communal cemetery of Kalamaria.
At the invitation of the Greek Prime Minister, M.Venizelos, Salonika (now
Thessalonika) was occupied by three French Divisions and the 10th (Irish)
Division from Gallipoli in October 1915. Other French and Commonwealth forces
landed during the year and in the summer of 1916, they were joined by Russian
and Italian troops. In August 1916, a Greek revolution broke out at Salonika,
with the result that the Greek national army came into the war on the Allied
The town was the base of the British Salonika Force and it contained, from time to time, eighteen general and stationary hospitals. Three of these hospitals were Canadian, although there were no other Canadian units in the force.
The earliest Commonwealth burials took place in the local Protestant and Roman Catholic cemeteries, and the Anglo-French (now Lembet Road) Military Cemetery was used from November 1915 to October 1918. The British cemetery at Mikra was opened in April 1917, remaining in use until 1920. The cemetery was greatly enlarged after the Armistice when graves were brought in from a number of burial grounds in the area.
MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY now contains 1,810 Commonwealth burials of the First World War, as well as 147 war graves of other nationalities.
Within the cemetery will be found the MIKRA MEMORIAL, commemorating almost 500 nurses, officers and men of the Commonwealth forces who died when troop transports and hospital ships were lost in the Mediterranean, and who have no grave but the sea. They are commemorated here because others who went down in the same vessels were washed ashore and identified, and are now buried at Thessalonika.
Shot at Dawn:
6/227 Private P. J. Downey, 6th Leinster Regiment, executed for disobedience 27/12/1915.
The mass pardon of 306 British Empire soldiers executed for certain offences during the Great War was enacted in section 359 of the Armed Forces Act 2006, which came into effect on royal assent on 8 November 2006.
Driver Samuel Berry
Son of Joseph Dixon, of 3, Reedley Rd., Reedley, Burnley.
Private James Bennett
Son of Mrs. Alice Ann Bennett, of Shaw St., Burnley; husband of Annie Lacy (formerly Bennett), of 47, New Hall St., Burnley.
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