ALEXANDRIA (HADRA) WAR MEMORIAL CEMETERY

 

 

 

 

Egypt

 

 

 

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Pictures courtesy of Mike Booker

 

 

Location Information

Hadra is a district on the eastern side of Alexandria and is south of the main carriageway to Aboukir, known as Al Horaya, near the University of Alexandria.

The Cemetery is on the road Sharia Manara. The junction of this road and Al Horaya is diagonally opposite the University of Alexandria.

 

 

Visiting Information

The Cemetery is open Saturday to Thursday 07.30 to 14.30.

 

 

Historical Information

In March 1915, the base of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force was transferred to Alexandria from Mudros and the city became a camp and hospital centre for Commonwealth and French troops. Among the medical units established there were the 17th, 19th, 21st, 78th and 87th General Hospitals and No 5 Indian Hospital. After the Gallipoli campaign of 1915, Alexandria remained an important hospital centre during later operations in Egypt and Palestine and the port was much used by hospital ships and troop transports bringing reinforcements and carrying the sick and wounded out of the theatres of war.

This cemetery was begun in April 1916 when it was realised that the cemetery at Chatby would not be large enough. Most of the burials were made from the Alexandria hospitals, but a number of graves of December 1917 were due to the loss of the troop transports "Aragon" and "Osmanieh" which were sunk by torpedo and mine as they entered the port. The cemetery continued in use until December 1919 but later, some graves were brought in from small burial grounds in the western desert, Maadia and Rosetta.

During the Second World War, Alexandria was again an important hospital centre, taking casualties from campaigns in the Western Desert, Greece, Crete, the Aegean Islands and the Mediterranean. Rest camps and hostels were also established there together with a powerful anti-aircraft base. Alexandria was also the communications centre for the middle and near east and became the headquarters of the Military Police. The cemetery at Hadra was extended for Second World War burials and was used from 1941.

There are now 1,700 First World War burials in the cemetery and 1,305 from the Second World War. The cemetery also contains war graves of other nationalities and some non war burials.

 

 

Victoria Cross Recipient

Ernest George Horlock

 42617 Battery Serjeant Major Ernest George Horlock, V.C.,Royal Field Artillery General Base Depot, (E.E.F)  Died 30/12/1917 aged 32 years. Son of John and Emily Horlock; husband of Ethel M. Horlock, of 5, Fitzalan Rd., Littlehampton Sussex. Burial Plot F171.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette" dated 24th Nov 1914. (No 28985) records the following:- "For conspicuous gallantry on 15th Sept., near Vendresse, when his battery was in action under a heavy shell fire, in that although twice wounded, he persisted on each occasion in returning to lay his gun after his wound had been dressed".

 

 

B/198985 Acting Sergeant

 John Bannister
Army Service Corps.
Died of Typhus 25th June 1917,
in Egypt, aged 39.

Row D. 146.


Son of John and Mary Ann Bannister, of 114, Accrington Rd., Burnley; husband of Alice Bannister. Councillor for the Borough of Burnley.

382043Private

 Richard Thomas Broxup
 Army Service Corps - Remounts
Died of dysentery 3rd February 1919, aged 37.

Row C. 175.

 

Son of Daniel and Elizabeth Broxup; husband of Sarah Ann Macey (formerly Broxup), of 27, Blenheim St., Stoneyholme, Burnley.

 

 

112327Gunner

Harry Dunwell
Royal Garrison Artillery
Died 12th November 1918, aged 32.

Row E. 166.

 

Lived at 15 Walverden Road, Briercliffe

 

Husband of Annie Dunwell, of 15, Wolverden Rd., Briercliffe, Burnley.

 

 

 

S/11321 Lance Corporal

Andrew Fairlie

2nd Bn. Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)

13th July 1918, aged 20.

Row A. 231.

 

Born 1st February 1898.

 

Son of Mrs. J. Fairlie, of 23, John St., Ayr.

 

 

655664 Driver

John Thomson Gordon

72nd Div. HQ.

Royal Field Artillery

Died of Pneumonia 18/11/1918,

aged 24.

Row C. 261.

 

Son of James Rae Gordon and Janet B. Gordon, of 109, High St., Kirkcudbright, Scotland.

 

Picture courtesy of Felicity Gordon Gelder, great niece of this soldier.

 

 

 

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