ADANAC MILITARY CEMETERY
George Herbert Roy Marshall
27th Bn. Australian Infantry, A. I. F.
Son of James and Kasiah Marshall, of Iron Knob, South Australia.
Plot V. A. 6.
General Directions: Miraumont is a village about 14.5 Kms north-north-east of Albert and the Cemetery is some 3 Kms south of the village on the east side of the road to Courcelette (D107). The cemetery is signposted from the centre of Miraumont.
The villages of Miraumont and Pys were occupied on 24-25 February 1917 following the German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line. They were retaken by the Germans on 25 March 1918, but recovered by the 42nd (East Lancashire) Division on the following 24 August.
Adanac Military Cemetery (the name was formed by reversing the name "Canada") was made after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the Canadian battlefields around Courcelette and small cemeteries surrounding Miraumont, including:-
PYS BRITISH CEMETERY, about two thirds of the way from Pys to
Courcelette. It contained the graves of 22 soldiers from Canada, two from
the United Kingdom and five of unknown Units, and a memorial to 33 men of
the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada.
One grave (Plot IV, Row D, Grave 30) was left in its original position.
There are now 3,186 Commonwealth burials and commemorations of the First World War in this cemetery. 1,708 of the burials are unidentified but special memorials commemorate 13 casualties known or believed to be buried among them.
The cemetery was designed by Sir Herbert Baker.
Casualty Details: UK 1986, Canada 1072, Australia 53, New Zealand 70, South Africa 5, Total Burials: 3186
24th Bn. Australian Infantry, A. I. F.
Son of John Paddy and Edith Trezise. Native of South Yarra, Victoria, Australia.
Plot II. I. 20.
Adanac Military Cemetery in the early 1920's. Most - although not all - the graves have headstones in this picture.
17th Bn. Australian Infantry,
A. I. F.
Plot IV. A. 24.
Errol Edward Rodda
8th Bn. Australian Infantry,
A. I. F.
Son of Samuel and Annie Rodda. Native of Maldon, Victoria, Australia.
Plot VIII. D. 83.
Victoria Cross: 4/400 Serjeant, Samuel Forsyth, VC, No.3 Field Company, New Zealand Engineers, 24/08/1918 aged 25, plot I. I. 39. Son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Forsyth, of Wellington, New Zealand; husband of Mary S. Forsyth, of 79, John Knox St., Glasgow, Scotland.
Citation: An extract from the London Gazette No. 30967 dated 18th Oct. 1918, records the following:
"For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty in attack. On meeting the objective, his company came under heavy machine-gun fire. Through Sgt. Forsyth's dashing leadership and total disregard of danger, three machine-gun positions were rushed and the crews taken prisoner before they could inflict many casualties on our troops. During subsequent advance his company came under heavy fire from several machine-guns, two of which he located by a daring reconnaissance. In his endeavour to gain support from a Tank, he was wounded, but after having the wound bandaged, he again got in touch with the Tank, which in the face of very heavy fire from machine-guns and anti-Tank guns, he endeavoured to lead with magnificent coolness to a favourable position. The Tank, however, was put out of action. Sgt. Forsyth then organised the Tank crew and several of his men into a section, and led them to a position where the machine-gun could be outflanked. Always under heavy fire, he directed them into positions which brought about a retirement of the enemy machine-guns and enabled the advance to continue. This gallant N.C.O. was at that moment killed by a sniper. From the commencement of the attack until the time of his death Sgt. Forsyth's courage and coolness, combined with great power of initiative, proved an invaluable incentive to all who were with him and he undoubtedly saved many casualties among his comrades."
Plan courtesy of Barry Cuttell
c.1916. The railway station at the village of Miraumont which is situated on the railway line which runs through the valley of the Somme river. Heavy fighting between British and German forces in 1917 saw the village reduced to ruins.
26th August 1918. British soldiers re-victualling a Gun Carrier Mark 1 tank, named Kingston, at Miraumont. When not carrying guns, the gun carriers could instead carry a great deal of ammunition, a typical load being 200 6 inch shells, weighing about 10 tons. During the Third Battle of Ypres, they carried forward several hundreds of tons of ammunition.
(Served as Charles Carson)
2nd Bn. Otago Regiment
N. Z. E. F.
Picture courtesy of grand niece, Christina Mitchell
Piper, James (Jimmy) Clelland Richardson, VC, 16th Bn. Canadian
(Manitoba) Infantry, 09/10/1916, aged 20. Son of David and Mary Prosser
Richardson, of Princess Avenue, Chilliwack, British Columbia. Native of
Bellshill, Lanarkshire, Scotland. His remains were
discovered in 1920 and buried in plot III.
Citation: An extract from the London Gazette No. 30967 dated 18th Oct. 1918 records the following, " For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when, prior to attack, he obtained permission from his C.O. to play his company 'over the top'. As the company approached the objective, it was help up by very strong wire and came under intense fire, which caused heavy casualties and demoralised the formation for the moment. Realising the situation, Piper Richardson strode up and down outside the wire, playing his pipes with the greatest coolness. The effect was instantaneous. Inspired by his splendid example, the company rushed the wire with such fury and determination that the obstacle was overcome and the position captured. Later, after participating in bombing operations he was detailed to take back a wounded comrade and prisoners. After proceeding about 200 yards, Piper Richardson, remembered that he had left his pipes behind. Although strongly urged not to do so, he insisted on returning to recover his pipes. He has never been seen since, and death has been presumed accordingly owing to lapse of time.
The mystery of Jimmy Richardson's Bagpipes
Richardson's bagpipes were believed to have been lost in the mud of the Somme for almost 90 years until 2002, when the Pipe Major of The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) responded to an Internet posting. He discovered that Ardvreck preparatory school in Scotland had possession of a set of bagpipes with the unique Lennox tartan on them, the same tartan used by the pipers of the 16th (Canadian Scottish) Battalion. A British Army Chaplain, Major Edward Yeld Bate, had found the pipes in 1917 and brought them back home after the war to a school in Scotland where he was a teacher. The pipes were unidentified for several decades, and served as a broken, mud-caked, and blood-stained reminder of an unknown piper from the Great War.
Leo Eric Greygoose
1st Bn. East Surrey Regiment
23/08/1918, aged 19.
Native of Abridge, Essex. Son of Alfred and Annie Greygoose, of 44, Eastfield Rd., Enfield Wash, Middx.
Plot IV. F. 24
Lawrence John Victor Greygoose also fell.
Picture courtesy of Patrick Horgan
Heber John Walter Bamford
44th Bn. Canadian Infantry
(New Brunswick Regiment)
25/10/1916, aged 36.
Husband of Bertha Bamford
Plot VI. B. 10.
Picture courtesy of grandson, Pat Schile
Elmer Clark Bryson
13th Bn. Canadian Infantry
08/10/1916, aged 23.
Son of McCully and Lida Bryson, of Hilden, Nova Scotia. Enlisted Aug., 1914.
Plot III. G. 34.
His brother Private Lyle Bryson was killed at the Battle of Vimy, 09/04/1917 and is commemorated on the Vimy Memorial
Picture courtesy of his nephew, Lyle L. Bryson
17th Bn. Australian Infantry, A. I. F.
Plot IV. A. 24.
42nd Div. Signal Coy. Royal Engineers
Plot VII. J. 9.
7th Bn. Border Regiment
26/08/1918, aged 19.
Son of Joseph and Elizabeth Birch, of 28, Mizpah St., Burnley.
Plot VI. F. 36.
William Wright, DCM
2nd Bn. South Staffordshire Regiment
17/02/1917, aged 28.
Son of Elizabeth Wright, of 3, Wood View, Maltby, Rotherham.
Plot II. E. 16.
William Wright was born in October 1888 Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire. He enlisted in the South Staffordshire regiment on 4th April, 1908, from his soldiers' small book it says he was 5' 4" tall, dark complexion, brown hair and brown eyes. He served in South Africa before sailing for France, disembarkation date 09/11/914.
Company Sergeant Major, June 1915.
Extract from London Gazette dated 21 June 1916.
Distinguished Conduct Medal 8322, Coy. S./M. W. Wright, 2nd Bn., S. Staff. R. For conspicuous and consistent good work. He is always ready to volunteer for dangerous enterprises. On one occasion he voluntarily joined a bombing party to deny a crater to the enemy, and by his courage and good example helped to save a critical situation.
Commissioned 20/9/1916 2nd Lieutenant.
Picture and information courtesy of S. J. Jepson
Arthur Walter Nicholson
29th Bn. Canadian Infantry
(British Columbia Regiment)
Plot I. F. 21.
He was the son of Robert and Amelia Nicholson of Tottenham, London, and emigrated to Canada in 1903.
Picture courtesy of great nephew, David Hammond
Number of burials by Unit