ADANAC MILITARY CEMETERY

Miraumont

Somme

France

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5675 Private

George Herbert Roy Marshall

27th Bn. Australian Infantry, A. I. F.

06/03/1917

Son of James and Kasiah Marshall, of Iron Knob, South Australia.

Plot V. A. 6.

 

General Directions: Miraumont is a village about 14.5 Kms north-north-east of Albert and the Cemetery is some 3 Kms south of the village on the east side of the road to Courcelette (D107). The cemetery is signposted from the centre of Miraumont.

The villages of Miraumont and Pys were occupied on 24-25 February 1917 following the German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line. They were retaken by the Germans on 25 March 1918, but recovered by the 42nd (East Lancashire) Division on the following 24 August.

Adanac Military Cemetery (the name was formed by reversing the name "Canada") was made after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the Canadian battlefields around Courcelette and small cemeteries surrounding Miraumont, including:-

PYS BRITISH CEMETERY, about two thirds of the way from Pys to Courcelette. It contained the graves of 22 soldiers from Canada, two from the United Kingdom and five of unknown Units, and a memorial to 33 men of the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada.
PYS NEW BRITISH CEMETERY, in the village, made by the 42nd Division in August and September, 1918, and containing the graves of 35 soldiers (and sailors and Marines) from the United Kingdom and one from New Zealand.
AQUEDUCT ROAD CEMETERY, PYS, between Pys and Le Sars, made by the 6th and 99th Infantry Brigades in March, 1917, and containing the graves of eleven soldiers from the United Kingdom.
NEW ZEALAND CEMETERY, GREVILLERS, close to Grevillers Churchyard, containing the graves of 19 New Zealand soldiers who fell in August-September, 1918.
SHRINE CEMETERY, GREVILLERS, about 500 metres from Grevillers on the road to Irles, containing the graves of thirteen soldiers from New Zealand and two from the United Kingdom who fell at the end of August, 1918.

One grave (Plot IV, Row D, Grave 30) was left in its original position.

There are now 3,186 Commonwealth burials and commemorations of the First World War in this cemetery. 1,708 of the burials are unidentified but special memorials commemorate 13 casualties known or believed to be buried among them.

The cemetery was designed by Sir Herbert Baker.

 

Casualty Details: UK 1986, Canada 1072, Australia 53, New Zealand 70, South Africa 5, Total Burials: 3186

 

 

 

298 Private

Leslie Trezise

24th Bn. Australian Infantry, A. I. F.

14/03/1917

Son of John Paddy and Edith Trezise. Native of South Yarra, Victoria, Australia.

Plot II. I. 20.


Adanac Military Cemetery in the early 1920's. Most - although not all - the graves have headstones in this picture.

 

5042 Private

Herbert Kable

17th Bn. Australian Infantry,

A. I. F.

14/03/1917

Plot IV. A. 24.

 

Second Lieutenant

Errol Edward Rodda

8th Bn. Australian Infantry,

A. I. F.

18/08/1916

Son of Samuel and Annie Rodda. Native of Maldon, Victoria, Australia.

Plot VIII. D. 83.

 

Victoria Cross: 4/400 Serjeant, Samuel Forsyth, VC, No.3 Field Company, New Zealand Engineers, 24/08/1918 aged 25, plot I. I. 39. Son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Forsyth, of Wellington, New Zealand; husband of Mary S. Forsyth, of 79, John Knox St., Glasgow, Scotland.

Citation: An extract from the London Gazette No. 30967 dated 18th Oct. 1918, records the following:

"For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty in attack. On meeting the objective, his company came under heavy machine-gun fire. Through Sgt. Forsyth's dashing leadership and total disregard of danger, three machine-gun positions were rushed and the crews taken prisoner before they could inflict many casualties on our troops. During subsequent advance his company came under heavy fire from several machine-guns, two of which he located by a daring reconnaissance. In his endeavour to gain support from a Tank, he was wounded, but after having the wound bandaged, he again got in touch with the Tank, which in the face of very heavy fire from machine-guns and anti-Tank guns, he endeavoured to lead with magnificent coolness to a favourable position. The Tank, however, was put out of action. Sgt. Forsyth then organised the Tank crew and several of his men into a section, and led them to a position where the machine-gun could be outflanked. Always under heavy fire, he directed them into positions which brought about a retirement of the enemy machine-guns and enabled the advance to continue. This gallant N.C.O. was at that moment killed by a sniper. From the commencement of the attack until the time of his death Sgt. Forsyth's courage and coolness, combined with great power of initiative, proved an invaluable incentive to all who were with him and he undoubtedly saved many casualties among his comrades."


Plan courtesy of Barry Cuttell

 

c.1916. The railway station at the village of Miraumont which is situated on the railway line which runs through the valley of the Somme river. Heavy fighting between British and German forces in 1917 saw the village reduced to ruins.

 

26th August 1918. British soldiers re-victualling a Gun Carrier Mark 1 tank, named Kingston, at Miraumont. When not carrying guns, the gun carriers could instead carry a great deal of ammunition, a typical load being 200 6 inch shells, weighing about 10 tons. During the Third Battle of Ypres, they carried forward several hundreds of tons of ammunition.

 

 

8/3206 Serjeant

Arthur Kallstrom

(Served as Charles Carson)

2nd Bn. Otago Regiment

N. Z. E. F.

03/09/1918

Picture courtesy of grand niece, Christina Mitchell

 

Victoria Cross: 28930 Piper, James (Jimmy) Clelland Richardson, VC, 16th Bn. Canadian (Manitoba) Infantry, 09/10/1916, aged 20. Son of David and Mary Prosser Richardson, of Princess Avenue, Chilliwack, British Columbia. Native of Bellshill, Lanarkshire, Scotland. His remains were discovered in 1920 and buried in plot III. F. 36.

Citation: An extract from the London Gazette No. 30967 dated 18th Oct. 1918 records the following, " For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when, prior to attack, he obtained permission from his C.O. to play his company 'over the top'. As the company approached the objective, it was help up by very strong wire and came under intense fire, which caused heavy casualties and demoralised the formation for the moment. Realising the situation, Piper Richardson strode up and down outside the wire, playing his pipes with the greatest coolness. The effect was instantaneous. Inspired by his splendid example, the company rushed the wire with such fury and determination that the obstacle was overcome and the position captured. Later, after participating in bombing operations he was detailed to take back a wounded comrade and prisoners. After proceeding about 200 yards, Piper Richardson, remembered that he had left his pipes behind. Although strongly urged not to do so, he insisted on returning to recover his pipes. He has never been seen since, and death has been presumed accordingly owing to lapse of time.

The mystery of Jimmy Richardson's Bagpipes

Richardson's bagpipes were believed to have been lost in the mud of the Somme for almost 90 years until 2002, when the Pipe Major of The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) responded to an Internet posting. He discovered that Ardvreck preparatory school in Scotland had possession of a set of bagpipes with the unique Lennox tartan on them, the same tartan used by the pipers of the 16th (Canadian Scottish) Battalion. A British Army Chaplain, Major Edward Yeld Bate, had found the pipes in 1917 and brought them back home after the war to a school in Scotland where he was a teacher. The pipes were unidentified for several decades, and served as a broken, mud-caked, and blood-stained reminder of an unknown piper from the Great War.


Andrew Winstanley of The Canadian Club and Pipe Major Roger McGuire were largely responsible for the investigative work into identifying Richardson's pipes. With the support of The Canadian Club and a group of patriotic citizens, Pipe Major McGuire travelled to Scotland in January 2003 to help identify the pipes that had been displayed at Ardvreck School in Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland, for over seven decades. Tomas Christie, a parent of students there and also a piper, initiated the search for the origin of the pipes.
Their collective effort led to conclusive evidence that identified the pipes as those played by Piper Richardson on that fateful day in 1916. An anonymous donor facilitated the purchase of the pipes on behalf of the citizens of Canada. In October 2006, a party of dignitaries visited Scotland and received the pipes from the Headmaster of Ardvreck School for repatriation to Canada.
On 8 November 2006, the bagpipes were officially repatriated when troops from The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) placed them at the British Columbia Legislature as a reminder of a generation's valour. They are currently on public display. There is a statue of him on display at the museum in Chilliwack, BC. (Source- Wiki)

 

27608 Private

Leo Eric Greygoose

1st Bn. East Surrey Regiment

23/08/1918, aged 19.

Native of Abridge, Essex. Son of Alfred and Annie Greygoose, of 44, Eastfield Rd., Enfield Wash, Middx.

Plot IV. F. 24

 

His brother

Lawrence John Victor Greygoose also fell.

 

Picture courtesy of Patrick Horgan

 

472234 Private

Heber John Walter Bamford

44th Bn. Canadian Infantry

(New Brunswick Regiment)

25/10/1916, aged 36.

Husband of Bertha Bamford

Plot VI. B. 10.

 

Picture courtesy of grandson, Pat Schile

 

 

Lieutenant

Elmer Clark Bryson

13th Bn. Canadian Infantry

(Quebec Regiment)

08/10/1916, aged 23.

Son of McCully and Lida Bryson, of Hilden, Nova Scotia. Enlisted Aug., 1914.

Plot III. G. 34.

 

 

His brother Private Lyle Bryson was killed at the Battle of Vimy, 09/04/1917 and is commemorated on the Vimy Memorial

Picture courtesy of his nephew, Lyle L. Bryson

 

 

5042 Private

Herbert Kable

17th Bn. Australian Infantry, A. I. F.

14/03/1917

Plot IV. A. 24.

 

439946 Driver

William Hammond

42nd Div. Signal Coy. Royal Engineers

30/08/1918

Plot VII. J. 9.

   

 

36223 Private

Walter Birch

7th Bn. Border Regiment

26/08/1918, aged 19.

Son of Joseph and Elizabeth Birch, of 28, Mizpah St., Burnley.

Plot VI. F. 36.

Second Lieutenant

William Wright, DCM

2nd Bn. South Staffordshire Regiment

17/02/1917, aged 28.

Son of Elizabeth Wright, of 3, Wood View, Maltby, Rotherham.

Plot II. E. 16.

William Wright was born in October 1888 Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire. He enlisted in the South Staffordshire regiment on 4th April, 1908, from his soldiers' small book it says he was 5' 4" tall, dark complexion, brown hair and brown eyes. He served in South Africa before sailing for France, disembarkation date 09/11/914.

Company Sergeant Major, June 1915.

Extract from London Gazette dated 21 June 1916.

Distinguished Conduct Medal 8322, Coy. S./M. W. Wright, 2nd Bn., S. Staff. R. For conspicuous and consistent good work. He is always ready to volunteer for dangerous enterprises. On one occasion he voluntarily joined a bombing party to deny a crater to the enemy, and by his courage and good example helped to save a critical situation.

Commissioned 20/9/1916 2nd Lieutenant.

Picture and information courtesy of S. J. Jepson

463533 Private

Arthur Walter Nicholson

29th Bn. Canadian Infantry

(British Columbia Regiment)

26/09/1916

Plot I. F. 21.

 

He was the son of Robert and Amelia Nicholson of Tottenham, London, and emigrated to Canada in 1903.

 

Picture courtesy of great nephew, David Hammond

 

 

Number of burials by Unit

Northumberland Fusiliers
64
  New Zealand units
64
Royal Warwickshire Regiment
51
  16th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Manitoba Regiment)
48
58th Bn. Canadian Inf. (2nd Central Ontario Regt)
45
  3rd Bn. Canadian Inf. (1st Central Ontario Regt)
41
50th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Alberta Regiment)
41
  13th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Quebec Regiment)
39
4th Bn. Canadian Inf. (1st Central Ontario Regt) 
38
  Green Howards - Yorkshire Regiment
38
Durham Light Infantry
36
  87th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Quebec Regiment)
35
Australian units
34
  Lancashire Fusiliers
30
44th Bn. Canadian Inf. (New Brunswick Regt)
29
  Manchester Regiment
29
Royal Field Artillery
29
  75th Bn. Canadian Inf. (1st Central Ontario Regt)
28
Cameron Highlanders
26
  Machine Gun Corps - Infantry
26
Border Regiment
25
  Gordon Highlanders
25
Bedfordshire Regiment
24
  Cheshire Regiment
24
Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
22
  47th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Western Ontario Regt)
21
29th Bn. Canadian Inf. (British Columbia Regt) 
19
  Duke of Wellington - West Riding Regiment
19
West Yorkshire Regiment
19
  54th Bn. Canadian Inf. (2nd Central Ontario Regt)
18
102nd Bn. Canadian Inf. (2nd Central Ontario Regt)
18
  East Surrey Regiment
18
Essex Regiment
18
  York & Lancaster Regiment
18
24th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Quebec Regiment)
17
  Norfolk Regiment
17
Seaforth Highlanders
17
  Royal Naval Division
16
Gloucester Regiment
15
  1st Bn. Canadian Pioneers
14
Highland Light Infantry
12
  Queen's - Royal West Surrey Regiment
12
South Staffordshire Regiment
12
  46th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Saskatchewan Regiment)
11
Royal Engineers
11
  18th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Western Ontario Regt)
10
38th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Eastern Ontario Regt) )
10
  East Lancashire Regiment
10
72nd Bn. Canadian Inf. (British Columbia Regt)
9
  Royal Scots - Lothian Regiment
9
King's Own Scottish Borderers
8
  King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
8
Middlesex Regiment
8
  Royal Fusiliers - City of London Regiment
8
Royal West Kent Regiment - Queen's Own
8
  Black Watch - Royal Highlanders
7
31st Bn. Canadian Inf. (Alberta Regiment)
7
  67th Bn. Canadian Pioneers
7
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
7
  Royal Scots Fusiliers
7
28th Bn. (Saskatchewan Regiment)
6
  2nd Bn. Canadian Inf. (Eastern Ontario Regiment)
5
11th Brig. Canadian Field Artillery
5
  73rd Bn. Canadian Inf. (Royal Highlanders)
5
Hertfordshire Regiment
5
  Lincolnshire Regiment
5
24th Bn. London Regiment - The Queen's
5
  Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
5
Royal Berkshire Regiment
5
  Cameronians - Scottish Rifles
4
15th Bn. Canadian Inf. (1st Central Ontario Regt)
4
  26th Bn. Canadian Inf. (New Brunswick Regiment)
4
78th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Manitoba Regiment)
4
  East Yorkshire Regiment
4
King's Liverpool Regiment
4
  King's Royal Rifle Corps
4
Sherwood Foresters - Notts. & Derbys Regt
4
  Tank Corps
4
Worcestershire Regiment
4
  20th Bn. Canadian Inf. (1st Central Ontario Regt)
3
22nd Bn. Canadian Inf. (Quebec Regiment)
3
  21st Bn. London Regiment First - Surrey Rifles
3
Rifle Brigade
3
  Royal Canadian Regiment
3
Royal Welsh Fusiliers
3
  19th Bn. Canadian Inf. (1st Central Ontario Regt)
2
43rd Bn. Canadian Inf. (Manitoba Regiment)
2
  Canadian Machine Gun Corps
2
King's Shropshire Light Infantry
2
  Leicestershire Regiment
2
Northamptonshire Regiment
2
  Royal Army Medical Corps
2
Royal Irish Regiment
2
  Royal Sussex Regiment
2
Somerset Light Infantry
2
  5th Bn. Canadian Inf. (CMR, Quebec Regiment)
1
6th Bn. Canadian Machine Gun Corps
1
  8th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Manitoba Regiment)
1
14th Bn. Canadian Inf. (Quebec Regiment)
1
  21st Bn. Canadian Inf. (Eastern Ontario Regiment)
1
Canadian Army Medical Corps
1
  Highland Cyclist Bn.
1
Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
1
  Royal Army Service Corps
1
Royal Flying Corps/Royal Air Force
1
  Royal Garrison Artillery
1
Suffolk Regiment
1
  South Wales Borderers
1
Identified burials
1473
     
Unidentified burials:        
United Kingdom - sailors, soldiers and airmen
1170
     
Canadian units
512
     
Australian units
19
     
New Zealand units
6
     
Wholly unidentified
5
     
Total Unidentified burials
1712
     
Total burials
3185
   Breakdown courtesy of Barry Cuttell