CITÉ BONJEAN MILITARY CEMETERY and the New Zealand Memorial
General Directions: Armentieres is a town in the Department of the Nord, on the Belgian frontier, 14.5 kilometres north-west of Lille. From the town of Armentieres take the D945 to Estaires. Cite Bonjean Military Cemetery is signposted off this road just before Erquinghem-sur-la-Lys. There is a level crossing situated approximately 100 metres from the cemetery.
Armentieres was occupied by the 4th Division on 17 October 1914 and it remained within the Allied lines until its evacuation ahead of the German advance on 10 April 1918, after a prolonged and heavy bombardment with gas shell. It was occupied by the Germans next day, and was not recovered until 3 October 1918. CITE BONJEAN MILITARY CEMETERY was begun (Plot IX) in October 1914 and during the winter of 1914-15 it was used for civilian burials (later removed), the town cemetery at Le Bizet being too greatly exposed. The cemetery continued to be used by field ambulances and fighting units (particularly the 4th, 6th, 21st, New Zealand, 17th and 57th (West Lancashire) Divisions and the Australian Corps) until April 1918. Plots V, VI, VII and X were then used by the Germans. The cemetery now contains 2,132 Commonwealth burials of the First World War. In 1925, 455 German graves were removed from Plots V and VI, but more than 500 remain in the cemetery. There are also 33 Second World War burials, mostly dating from the months of occupation by the British Expeditionary Force, before the German invasion of May 1940.
The CITE BONJEAN (NEW ZEALAND) MEMORIAL, commemorates 47 officers and men of the New Zealand Division who died in the neighbourhood of Armentieres and have no known grave. This is one of seven memorials in France and Belgium to those New Zealand soldiers who died on the Western Front and whose graves are not known. The memorials are all in cemeteries chosen as appropriate to the fighting in which the men died. The cemetery and memorial were designed by Sir Herbert Baker.
Shot at Dawn: 14357 Private F. C. H. Bladen, 10th Bn. Yorks and Lancs Regt., executed for desertion 23/03/1916. Plot 9. G. 94.
Shot at Dawn: 15469 Private A. H. Robinson, 9th Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers, executed for desertion 10/05/1916. Plot 1. A. 18.
Shot at Dawn: 2057 Private J. Higgins, 1st/9th Bn. Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, executed for desertion 26/08/1916. Plot 1. F. 22.
Shot at Dawn: 11490 Private T. H. B. Rigby, 10th Bn. South Wales Borderers, executed for desertion 22/11/1917. Plot 2. A. 3.
The mass pardon of 306 British Empire soldiers executed for certain offences during the Great War was enacted in section 359 of the Armed Forces Act 2006, which came into effect on royal assent on 8 November 2006.
Casualty Details: UK 1190, Canada 16, Australia 473, New Zealand 453, Germany 472, Total Burials: 2604
Andrew Brown McAuley Munn
33rd Div. Signal Company
16/09/1915, aged 21.
Son of James Munn and Margaret McAulay Munn of 42, Crown Ave, Clydebank, Scotland.
Picture courtesy of his Great granddaughter, Karen Petts