ESTAIRES COMMUNAL CEMETERY AND EXTENSION

Estaires

Nord

France

 

General Directions: Estaires is a town and commune in the Department of the Nord, about 11 kilometres west of Armentieres. The Cemetery is on the eastern outskirts of the town and on the east side of the road to Bailleul. Leave the church and head north-east on the Avenue Kennedy. Take the second road on the left after 400 metres onto Rue de l'Egalite, which leads to the cemetery on the right hand side of the road.

Estaires town was occupied by French cavalry on the 15 October 1914, and passed at once into British hands. On the 10 April 1918 it was captured by the enemy, after an obstinate defence by the 50th (Northumbrian) Division; and it was finally retaken by British troops at the beginning of September 1918.

The town was a Field Ambulance centre as early as November 1914, and later the 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station was posted in it. It was later "adopted" by the County Borough of Plymouth.

Estaires Communal Cemetery was used for British burials from the early days of November 1914 to June 1917, and two burials of September 1918 are in Plot II, Row P. Estaires Communal Cemetery Extension was used from April 1917 to April 1918, and again in September-November 1918. The Plots are numbered IV and V, in continuation of the numbering for the Communal Cemetery.

The Portuguese graves of June-August 1917 and two French graves were removed after the Armistice. A German Plot of 63 graves, made on the North side during the enemy occupation in 1918, has been removed.

There are a total of 875 Commonwealth burials of the 1914-1918 war here, 63 of which are unidentified. There are 9 Commonwealth burials of the 1939-45 War, killed during the withdrawal of the British Expeditionary Force to Dunkirk at the end of May 1940. There are also 14 Non Commonwealth burials in C.W.G.C. care.

The five Plots cover an area of 3,336 square metres

Victoria Cross: Brigadier General, Sir John Edmond Gough, General Staff, A. D. C. to H.M The King. Chief of Staff, First Army late Rifle Brigade. VC. KCB. CMG. The award  was won in Somaliland in 1903, he died of wounds on 22/2/1915 and is buried in Plot II. A. 7 (Communal). Son of Gen. Sir Charles Gough, V.C., G.C.B.; husband of Lady Gough, of 4, Upper Harley St., Regent's Park, London.

JOHN EDMOND GOUGH

Citation: VC. won Somaliland, 1903. An extract from the London Gazette dated 15th January 1904 records the following: "During the action at Daratoleh, on 22nd April last, Major Gough assisted Captains Walker and Rolland in carrying back the late Captain Bruce (who had been mortally wounded) and preventing that Officer from falling into the hands of the enemy. Captains Walker and Rolland have already been awarded the Victoria Cross for their gallantry on this occasion, but Major Gough (who was in command of the column) made no mention of his own conduct, which has only recently been brought to notice."

Shot at Dawn: 10853 Private A. Troughton, 1st Bn. Royal Welch Fusiliers, executed for desertion  22/04/1915, aged 22. Son of Nathaniel Troughton, of 14, Ash Grove, Stoney Station Rd., Coventry. Plot III. D. 6. (Joint grave)

Shot at Dawn: 10958 Private A. Penn, 1st Bn. Royal Welch Fusiliers, executed for desertion 22/04/1915. Plot III. D. 6. (Joint grave)

Casualty Details: (Communal) UK 437, Canada 1, Australia 134, New Zealand 55, India 8, Germany 6, France 2, Total Burials: 673

Casualty Details: (Extension) UK 228, Canada 5, Australia 5, New Zealand 1, India 1, Germany 5, Total Burials: 245

Extension

The Communal plot

 

Private 11271

Peter Manson

2nd Bn. Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

05/12/1915, aged 21

Son of Mrs. R. Manson, of 21, Craig St, Airdrie.

Plot I. H. 5.

Picture courtesy of Joseph O' Raw and William Kilgour

12423 Rifleman

James Joseph Lynn

4th Bn. New Zealand Rifle Brigade

13/11/1916, aged 23.

Born 30 April 1893, Hastings, New Zealand

Enlisted 11/1/1916. Wounded 6/11/1916

Admitted to 1st Australian CC station 8/11/1916

 (GSW Shell). Died of Wounds 13/11/1916

Plot III. K. 13.

 

 

Picture courtesy of Allen Morris

 

22000 Gunner

Edward Jackson

"D" Bty. 92nd Bde. Royal Field Artillery

19/12/1915, aged 20.

Son of the late Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Jackson, of Bradford.

Plot II. K. 9.

 

Gunner Edward Jackson Number 22000 lived at Upper Woodlands Road, Manningham, Bradford and worked as a French polisher. He was 5 7 inches tall, with blue eyes and dark brown hair. On August 28th 1914 at the age of 19 years and 66 days Edward Jackson joined the Royal Field Artillery------"D" Bty. 92nd Bde. He was posted to France and on December 19th 1915 was wounded. He was taken to the 62nd Field Ambulance in Bethune but died later that day of his injuries at the age of 20. His brother died 10 months later, also in France.
 

Gunner Edward Jackson 22000 was my Great Uncle.

Pictures courtesy of great nephew, Paul Jackson

 

 

 

6009 Private

John James Briggs

2nd Bn. East Lancashire Regiment

30/12/1914, aged 31.

Husband of Mrs Briggs of 153 Gannow Lane, Burnley.

Plot I. E. 10.

Pictures courtesy of Charles Briggs

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