FAUBOURG D'AMIENS CEMETERY - ARRAS MEMORIAL - ARRAS FLYING SERVICES MEMORIAL

 

 

 ARRAS, PAS-DE-CALAIS

 

FRANCE

 

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Roll of Honour

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Flying Services Memorial

 

The Arras Memorial is in the Faubourg-d'Amiens Cemetery, which is in the Boulevard du General de Gaulle in the western part of the town of Arras. The cemetery is near the Citadel, approximately 2 kms due west of the railway station.

The GPS coordinates for the cemetery are 50.28670, 2.76057

The Panel (or Bay) numbers quoted at the end of each entry relate to the panels dedicated to the Regiment served with. In some instances where a casualty is recorded as attached to another Regiment, his name may alternatively appear within their Regimental Panels (or Bays). Please refer to the on-site Memorial Register Introduction to determine the alternative Panel (or Bay) numbers if you do not find the name within the quoted Panel (or Bay).

The French handed over Arras to Commonwealth forces in the spring of 1916 and the system of tunnels upon which the town is built were used and developed in preparation for the major offensive planned for April 1917.

The Commonwealth section of the FAUBOURG D'AMIENS CEMETERY was begun in March 1916, behind the French military cemetery established earlier. It continued to be used by field ambulances and fighting units until November 1918. The cemetery was enlarged after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields and from two smaller cemeteries in the vicinity.

The cemetery contains over 2,650 Commonwealth burials of the First World War, 10 of which are unidentified. The graves in the French military cemetery were removed after the war to other burial grounds and the land they had occupied was used for the construction of the Arras Memorial and Arras Flying Services Memorial.

The adjacent ARRAS MEMORIAL commemorates almost 35,000 servicemen from the United Kingdom, South Africa and New Zealand who died in the Arras sector between the spring of 1916 and 7 August 1918, the eve of the Advance to Victory, and have no known grave. The most conspicuous events of this period were the Arras offensive of April-May 1917, and the German attack in the spring of 1918. Canadian and Australian servicemen killed in these operations are commemorated by memorials at Vimy and Villers-Bretonneux. A separate memorial remembers those killed in the Battle of Cambrai in 1917.

The adjacent ARRAS FLYING SERVICES MEMORIAL commemorates almost 1,000 airmen of the Royal Naval Air Service, the Royal Flying Corps, and the Royal Air Force, either by attachment from other arms of the forces of the Commonwealth or by original enlistment, who were killed on the whole Western Front and who have no known grave.

During the Second World War, Arras was occupied by United Kingdom forces headquarters until the town was evacuated on 23 May 1940. Arras then remained in German hands until retaken by Commonwealth and Free French forces on 1 September 1944. The 1939-1945 War burials number 8 and comprise 3 soldiers and 4 airmen from the United Kingdom and 1 entirely unidentified casualty. Located between the 2 special memorials of the 1914-1918 War is the special memorial commemorating an officer of the United States Army Air Force, who died during the 1939-1945 War. This special memorial, is inscribed with the words "Believed to be buried in this cemetery". In addition, there are 30 war graves of other nationalities, most of them German.

Both cemetery and memorial were designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, with sculpture by Sir William Reid Dick. The memorial was unveiled by Lord Trenchard, Marshal of the Royal Air Force on the 31 July 1932 (originally it had been scheduled for 15 May, but due to the sudden death of French President Doumer, as a mark of respect, the ceremony was postponed until July).

 

Casualty Details: UK 2402, Canada 153, New Zealand 26, South Africa 60, India 9, France 1, Germany 28, Total Burials: 2679 (Cemetery only)

A typical Field Ambulance station

 

Shot at Dawn: 7711 Private J. FOX. 2nd Bn. Highland Light Infantry executed for striking a Senior Officer on 12/05/1916. Bay 8. (Memorial)

Shot at Dawn: 40422 Private. Stephen BYRNE No.1 Coy.,1st Bn. Royal Dublin Fusiliers executed for desertion on 28/10/1917, aged 30. (Served as M. MONAGHAN). Brother of Thomas Byrne, of 32, Usher's Quay, Dublin. Bay 9. (Memorial)

Shot at Dawn: 10474 Private Robert Gillis Pattison of the 7th Bn. East Surrey Regiment was executed on 04/07/1917, aged 23 for desertion.  Son of John and Mary Ann Pattison, of 49A, Station Terrace, Cramlington, Northumberland. Born at Annitsford, Northumberland. Plot IV. J. 16. (Cemetery)

Shot at Dawn: G/4495 Private John Edward Barnes of the 7th Bn. Royal Sussex Regiment, executed for desertion 04/07/1917, aged 24. Son of Edward and Sarah Jane Barnes, of 49, Arundel Rd., Littlehampton. Plot IV. J. 17. (Cemetery)

The mass pardon of 306 British Empire soldiers executed for certain offences during the Great War was enacted in section 359 of the Armed Forces Act 2006, which came into effect on royal assent on 8 November 2006.

 

 

 

 

Roll of Honour

Click the link above to be taken to images and information

on many of those commemorated here

 

 

Victoria Cross: Flying Memorial

LANCE GEORGE HAWKER

Rank: Major, Date of Death: 23/11/1916, Age: 25, Regiment/Service: Royal Flying Corps 24th Sqdn. and Royal Engineers, Awards: V C, D S O, Son of Mrs Julia Hawker, of 5, Victoria Terrace, Eastbourne and the late Lieut. Henry Colley Hawker, R.N.

Citation: An extract from The London Gazette, dated 24th Aug., 1915, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery and very great ability on 25th July, 1915. When flying alone he attacked three German aeroplanes in succession. The first managed eventually to escape, the second was driven to ground damaged, and the third, which he attacked at a height of about 10,000 feet, was driven to earth in our lines, the pilot and observer being killed. The personal bravery shown by this Officer was of the very highest order, as the enemy's aircraft were armed with machine guns, and all carried a passenger as well as the pilot."

EDWARD MANNOCK

Rank: Major, Date of Death: 26/07/191 8 , Age: 31, Regiment/Service: Royal Air Force 85th Sqdn. and Royal Engineers, Awards: V C, D S O and 2 Bars, M C and Bar, Son of Mrs. J. Mannock, of 24, Lozells Rd., Six Ways, Birmingham. In addition to his Citation, the following information should also be noted: Major Mannock was involved in the downing of at least 23 further aircraft, but because others might well have assisted in their destruction these were not added to the total in his VC Citation.

Citation: An extract from the "London Gazette", dated 18th July, 1919, records the following:-"On the 17th June, 1918, he attacked a Halberstadt machine near Armentieres and destroyed it from a height of 8,000 feet. On the 7th July, 1918, near Doulieu, he attacked and destroyed one Fokker (red-bodied) machine, which went vertically into the ground from a height of 1,500 feet. Shortly afterwards he ascended 1,000 feet and attacked another Fokker biplane, firing 60 rounds into it, which produced an immediate spin, resulting, it is believed, in a crash. On the 14th July, 1918, near Merville, he attacked and crashed a Fokker from 7,000 feet, and brought a two-seater down damaged. On the 19th July, 1918, near Merville, he fired 80 rounds into an Albatross two-seater, which went to the ground in flames. On the 20th July, 1918, East of La Bassee, he attacked and crashed an enemy two-seater from a height of 10,000 feet. About an hour afterwards he attacked at 8,000 feet a Fokker biplane near Steenwercke and drove it down out of control, emitting smoke. On the 22nd July, 1918, near Armentieres, he destroyed an enemy triplane from a height of 10,000 feet. Major Mannock was awarded the under mentioned distinctions for his previous combats in the air in France and Flanders:-Military Cross, gazetted 17th Sept., 1917; Bar to Military Cross, gazetted 18th Oct., 1917; Distinguished Service Order, gazetted 16th Sept., 1918; Bar to Distinguished Service Order (1st), gazetted 16th Sept., 1918; Bar to Distinguished Service Order (2nd), gazetted 3rd Aug., 1918. This highly distinguished officer during the whole of his career in the Royal Air Force, was an outstanding example of fearless courage, remarkable skill, devotion to duty and self-sacrifice, which has never been surpassed. The total number of machines definitely accounted for by Major Mannock up to the date of his death in France (26th July, 1918) is 50 - the total specified in the " Gazette " of 3rd Aug., 1918, was incorrectly given as 48 instead of 41."

 

Victoria Cross: Arras Memorial

ERNEST FREDERICK BEAL

Rank: Second Lieutenant , Date of Death: 22/03/1918 , Age: 35, Regiment/Service: Yorkshire Regiment 13th Bn., Awards:V C, Panel Reference Bay 5., Son of John J. W. and Jane Stillman Beal, of 55, East St., Brighton.

Citation: An Extract from the "London Gazette", dated 31st May, 1918, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery and determined leading when in command of a company detailed to occupy a certain section of trench. When the company was established, it was found that a considerable gap of about 400 yards existed between the left flank of the company and the neighbouring unit, and that this gap was strongly held by the enemy. It was of vital importance that the gap should be cleared, but no troops were then available. Organising a small party of less than a dozen men, he led them against the enemy. On reaching an enemy machine gun, 2nd Lt. Beal immediately sprang forward, and with his revolver killed the team and captured the gun. Continuing along the trench he encountered and dealt with another machine gun in the same manner, and in all captured four enemy guns, and inflicted severe casualties. Later in the evening, when a wounded man had been left in the open under heavy enemy fire, he, regardless of danger, walked up close to an enemy machine gun and brought in the wounded man on his back. 2nd Lt. Beal was killed by a shell on the following morning."

BERNARD MATTHEW CASSIDY

Rank: Second Lieutenant , Date of Death: 28/03/1918, Age: 26, Regiment/Service: Lancashire Fusiliers 2nd Bn., Awards: V C, Panel Reference Bay 5., Son of Bernard and Julia Cassidy, of 29 Watford Rd, Victoria Docks, London.

Citation: An extract from the "London Gazette," dated 30th April, 1918, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery, self-sacrifice, and exceptional devotion to duty during an hostile attack. At a time when the flank of the division was in danger, Lt. Cassidy was in command of the left company of his battalion, which was in close support. He was given orders prior to the attack that he must hold on to his position to the last. He most nobly carried this out to the letter. The enemy came on in overwhelming numbers and endeavoured to turn the flank. He, however, continually rallied his men under a terrific bombardment. The enemy were several times cleared out of the trench by his personal leadership. His company was eventually surrounded, but Lt. Cassidy still fought on, encouraging and exhorting his men until he was eventually killed. By his most gallant conduct the whole attack was held up at this point and the left flank was undoubtedly saved from what might have been a disaster."

ALEXANDER EDWARDS

Rank: Serjeant, Service No: 265473, Date of Death: 24/03/1918, Age: 32, Regiment/Service: Seaforth Highlanders 6th Bn. , Awards: V C, Panel Reference Bay 8., Son of A. Edwards, of Stotfield, Lossiemouth. Born at Drainie, Morayshire.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette," dated 14th Sept., 1917, records the following:-For most conspicuous bravery in attack, when, having located a hostile machine gun in a wood, he, with great dash and courage, led some men against it, killed all the team and captured the gun. Later, when a sniper was causing casualties, he crawled out to stalk him, and although badly wounded in the arm, went on and killed him. One officer only was now left with the company, and, realising that the success of the operation depended on the capture of the furthest objective, Serjt. Edwards, regardless of his wound, led his men on till this objective was captured. He subsequently showed great skill in consolidating his position, and very great daring in personal reconnaissance. Although again twice wounded on the following day, this very gallant N.C.O. maintained throughout a complete disregard for personal safety, and his high example of coolness and determination engendered a fine fighting spirit in his men.

JOHN ERSKINE

Rank: Serjeant, Service No: 200476, Date of Death: 14/04/1917, Age: 23, Regiment/Service: Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) "D" Coy. 5th/6th Bn. , Awards: V C, Panel Reference Bay 6., Son of the late William Erskine, of Dunfermline, and of Mrs. Elizabeth Erskine, of 1, East Savile Rd., Edinburgh.

Citation: An extract from the London Gazette, dated 4th Aug., 1916, records the following :- "For most conspicuous bravery. Whilst the near lip of a crater, caused by the explosion of a large enemy mine, was being consolidated, Actg. Serjt. Erskine rushed out under continuous fire with utter disregard of danger and rescued a wounded serjeant and a private. Later, seeing his officer, who was believed to be dead, show signs of movement, he ran out to him, bandaged his head, and remained with him for fully an hour, though repeatedly fired at, whilst a shallow trench was being dug to them. He then assisted in bringing in his officer, shielding him with his own body in order to lessen the chance of his being hit again."

JOHN HARRISON

Rank: Second Lieutenant, Date of Death: 03/05/1917, Age: 26, Regiment/Service: East Yorkshire Regiment 11th Bn., Awards: V C, M C, Panel Reference Bay 4 and 5., Husband of Mrs. J. Harrison, of 75, Wharncliffe St., Spring Bank, Hull. Former Hull Rugby League Player.

Citation: An extract from The London Gazette dated 12th June, 1917, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery and self-sacrifice in an attack. Owing to darkness and to smoke from the enemy barrage, and from our own, and to the fact that our objective was in a dark wood, it was impossible to see when our barrage had lifted off the enemy front line. Nevertheless, 2nd Lt. Harrison led his company against the enemy trench under heavy rifle and machine-gun fire, but was repulsed. Reorganising his command as best he could in No Man's Land, he again attacked in darkness under terrific fire, but with no success. Then, turning round, this gallant officer single-handed made a dash at the machine-gun, hoping to knock out the gun and so save the lives of many of his company. His self-sacrifice and absolute disregard of danger was an inspiring example to all. (he is reported missing, believed killed.)"

DAVID PHILIP HIRSCH

Rank: Captain, Date of Death: 23/04/1917, Age: 20, Regiment/Service: Yorkshire Regiment 4th Bn. , Awards: V C, Mentioned in Despatches, Panel Reference Bay 5., Son of Harry and Edith Hirsch, of Weetwood Grove, Leeds.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette", dated 14th June, 1917, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty in attack. Having arrived at the first objective, Capt. Hirsch, although already twice wounded, returned over fire-swept slopes to satisfy himself that the defensive flank was being established. Machine gun fire was so intense that it was necessary for him to be continuously up and down the line encouraging his men to dig and hold the position. He continued to encourage his men by standing on the parapet and steadying them in the face of machine gun fire and counter-attack until he was killed. His conduct throughout was a magnificent example of the greatest devotion to duty."

BASIL ARTHUR HORSFALL

Rank: Second Lieutenant , Date of Death: 27/03/1918, Age: 30, Regiment/Service: East Lancashire Regiment 1st Bn. attd. 11th Bn., Awards: V C, Panel Reference Bay 6., Son of the late Charles William Horsfall, of Darlington, Polwatta, Colombo, and of Maria Henrietta Horsfall (nee Layard), of Florence, Kandy, Ceylon. Born at Kelvin Gerve, Colombo; educated at St. Thomas's College, Colombo and Sir William Borlase School, Great Marlow, England. From Barclay's Bank, London, took up Rubber planting in Ceylon. Appointed Financial Assistant to the Public Works Department of the Civil Service of Ceylon. Qualified in signalling and search light in the Ceylon Engineer Volunteers.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette", dated 22nd May, 1918, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty. 2nd Lt. Horsfall was in command of the centre platoon during an attack on our positions. When the enemy first attacked, his three forward sections were driven back and he was wounded in the head. Nevertheless, he immediately organised the remainder of his men and made a counter-attack, which recovered his original positions. On hearing that out of the remaining three officers of his company two were killed and one wounded, he refused to go to the dressing room, although his wound was severe. Later his platoon had to be withdrawn to escape very heavy shell fire, but immediately the shelling lifted he made a second counter-attack and again recovered his positions. When the order to withdraw was given, he was the last to leave his position, and, although exhausted, said he could have held on if it had been necessary. His conduct was a splendid example to his men, and he showed throughout the utmost disregard of danger. This very gallant officer was killed when retiring to the positions in rear.

GEORGE JARRATT

Rank: Corporal, Service No: 55295, Date of Death: 03/05/1917, Age: 25, Regiment/Service: Royal Fusiliers 8th Bn., Awards: V C, Panel Reference Bay 3., Husband of G. M. Jarratt, of 28, Stanley Road, Southgate, Middx.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette" dated 8th June, 1917, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery and devotion in deliberately sacrificing his life to save others. He had, together with some wounded men, been taken prisoner and placed under guard in a dug-out. The same evening the enemy were driven back by our troops, the leading infantrymen of which commenced to bomb the dug-outs. A grenade fell in the dugout, and without hesitation Cpl. Jarratt placed both feet on the grenade, the subsequent explosion blowing off both his legs. The wounded were later safely removed to our lines, but Cpl. Jarratt died before he could be removed. By this supreme act of self-sacrifice the lives of these wounded were saved."

RICHARD BASIL BRANDRAM JONES

Rank: Lieutenant, Date of Death: 21/05/1916, Age: 19, Regiment/Service: The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 8th Bn. , Awards: V C, Panel Reference Bay 7., Son of Henry Thomas Brandram Jones and Caroline Emma Jones, of 2, Thicket Rd., Anerley, London.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette" dated 5th August, 1916, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery. He was holding with his platoon a crater recently captured from the enemy. About 7.30 P.M. the enemy exploded a mine forty yards to his right, and at the same time put a heavy barrage of fire on our trenches, thus isolating the Platoon. They then attacked in overwhelming numbers. Lt. Jones kept his men together, steadying them by his fine example, and shot no less than fifteen of the enemy as they advanced, counting them aloud as he did so to cheer his men. When his ammunition was expended he took a bomb, but was shot through the head while getting up to throw it. His splendid courage had so encouraged his men that when they had no more ammunition or bombs they threw stones and ammunition boxes at the enemy till only nine of the platoon were left. Finally they were compelled to retire."

OLIVER CYRIL SPENCER WATSON

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel, Date of Death: 28/03/1918, Age: 41, Regiment/Service: Middlesex Hussars Cdg. 2nd/5th Bn. King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, Awards: V C, D S O, Panel Reference Bay 1., Son of William Spencer Watson, F.R.C.S., and Georgine Mary Jane Mair Watson. Served in the Tirah Campaign with 19th Bn. Yorkshire Regt., also served in China during the Boxer rebellion.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette," dated 18th May, 1918, records the following:- "For most conspicuous bravery, self-sacrificing devotion to duty, and exceptionally gallant leading during a critical period of operations. His command was at a point where continual attacks were made by the enemy in order to pierce the line, and an intricate system of old trenches in front, coupled with the fact that his position was under constant rifle and machine-gun fire, rendered the situation still more dangerous. A counter-attack had been made against the enemy position, which at first achieved its object, but as they were holding out in two improvised strong points, Lt. Col. Watson saw that immediate action was necessary, and he led his remaining small reserve to the attack, organising bombing parties and leading attacks under intense rifle and machine-gun fire. Outnumbered, he finally ordered his men to retire, remaining himself in a communication trench to cover the retirement, though he faced almost certain death by so doing. The assault he led was at a critical moment, and without doubt saved the line. Both in the assault and in covering his men's retirement, he held his life as nothing, and his splendid bravery inspired all troops in the vicinity to rise. to the occasion and save a breach being made in a hardly tried and attenuated line. Lt. Col. Watson was killed while covering the withdrawal."

ALBERT WHITE

Rank: Serjeant, Service No: 24866, Date of Death: 19/05/1917, Age:23, Regiment/Service: South Wales Borderers2nd Bn. , Awards: V C, Panel Reference Bay 6., Son of the late Mr. and Mrs. White, of 58, Lamb St., Liverpool.

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette," dated 27th June, 1917, records the following:- "For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty. Realising during an attack that one of the enemy's machine guns, which had previously been located, would probably hold up the whole advance of his Company, Serjt. White, without the slightest hesitation and regardless of all personal danger, dashed ahead of his Company to capture the gun. When within a few yards of the gun he fell riddled with bullets, having thus willingly sacrificed his life in order that he might secure the success of the operations and the welfare of his comrades."

 

 

This image courtesy of Nicholas Philpot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

Roll of Honour

Click the link above to be taken to images and information

on many of those commemorated here