ST. VAAST POST MILITARY CEMETERY

Richebourg-L'Avoue

Pas de Calais

France

 

General DirectionsThe cemetery lies near the village of Richebourg-l'Avoue which is 9 kilometres north-east of Bethune. From Bethune follow the D.171 toward Armentieres and progress onto the D.166 proceeding into the outskirts of Richebourg. Take a left turning into Rue des Charbonniers for approximately 2 kilometres and the cemetery is on the right hand side.

The village of Richebourg-L'Avoué was held by British forces from the autumn of 1914 until it was overrun by German units advancing west during the great Spring Offensive in April 1918. It was recaptured by Commonwealth soldiers in September 1918 and remained in Allied hands until the end of the war. The village was less than two kilometres from the front-lines trenches and was routinely shelled by German artillery.

During the Battle of Festubert in May 1915, British soldiers began burying their fallen comrades in an old orchard near a forward dressing station which was located at the terminus of a trench tramway between the hamlet of Richebourg St. Vaast and La Croix Barbet. The cemetery was used by fighting units serving in the front-line and field ambulances until July 1917 and is the final resting place of over 70 men of the South Downs Pals battalion who were killed at the Battle of Boar’s Head on 30 June 1916. In April and May 1918, the Germans buried 90 of their dead in the south-east end of the cemetery and in September and October 1918, 18 British soldiers killed during the final Allied advance were laid to rest in Plot V. There are now almost 800 soldiers of the First World War buried or commemorated at St. Vaast Post, including over 90 German burials. Special memorials have been erected to three British soldiers buried in the cemetery whose graves cannot now be traced.


The South Downs Pals and the Battle of Boar's Head

Major logistical preparations for the Anglo-French Somme Offensive had been ongoing for much of the first half of 1916. In order to disguise the exact location of the offensive and prevent the German forces from sending reinforcements to the Somme, the British High Command decided that a number of diversionary operations should be staged elsewhere along the front just before and during the main battle. One such attack took place early in the morning of 30 June and focused on the German lines opposite Richebourg L’Avoué, including the Boar’s Head salient. The salient had been formed during the Battle of Aubers Ridge in 1915 and gave the Germans a vantage point from which they could bombard the British forward positions with trench mortars and rifles grenades and fire on patrols and wiring parties working in no man’s land. The British units selected for the attack were the 11th, 12th, and 13th Battalions of the Royal Sussex Regiment, otherwise known as the 1st, 2nd and 3rd ‘South Downs Pals’. Few of the officers and men had any experience of combat on the Western Front and they would be facing a well organised and determined enemy.

The date of the attack had to be delayed due to the brief postponement of the main Somme offensive further south, but the Sussex men finally left their positions at zero hour just after 3.05 am on 30 June and advanced through the smoke and half-light towards the German positions. The men of the 12th and 13th battalions led the attack and immediately came under heavy rifle and machine gun fire. Some of them nonetheless managed to fight their way through the German wire and occupy the front-line trenches. They held this captured territory for about four hours before they were forced to return to their own lines in the face of fierce German counter attacks. Over the course of less than five hours of fighting the three South Downs Pals battalions suffered approximately 1000 casualties, over 360 of whom had been killed.

The cemetery was designed by Charles Henry Holden & Noel Ackroyd Rew

Shot at Dawn: Private E. Beaumont, 2nd Bn. Leicestershire Regiment, executed for desertion 24/06/1915, plot I. G. 1.

The mass pardon of 306 British Empire soldiers executed for certain offences during the Great War was enacted in section 359 of the Armed Forces Act 2006, which came into effect on royal assent on 8 November 2006.

Casualty Details: UK 744, India 55, Germany 91, Total Burials: 890

 

 

 

 

 

Private S/5040

James M. Borland

2nd Bn. The Black Watch

KIA 11/07/1915. aged 23

Husband of Marion Borland, of 47, Johnstone St., Airdrie.

Plot I. C. 10

 

Image courtesy of Joe O'Raw and William Kilgour

3/256 Company Quartermaster Serjeant

Simon Merritt

6th Bn. Wiltshire Regiment

25/12/1915, aged 44.

Son of Thomas Merritt, of Bishop's Cannings, Devizes; husband of Matilda J. Willis (formerly Merritt).

Plot II. J. A.

 

Picture courtesy of his Granddaughter Sylvia Merritt

 

5759 Private

Myles Sweeney

7th Bn. East Lancashire Regiment

06/04/1916.

Plot III. B. 4

 

Picture courtesy of Craig Simpson, great grand nephew

Captain

Cyril Holland

13th Bde. Meerut Division

Royal Field Artillery

09/05/1915, aged 29.

Plot I. A. 1.

Son of Oscar Wilde and Constance Lloyd.

Dedicated by the Granddaughter of a woman who loved him dearly.

"To a wonderfully brave man who sacrificed nine years of seniority to fight here and died redeeming his families name."

 

479 Private

Alfred R. Turner

11th Bn. Royal Sussex Regiment

23/06/1916, aged 28.

Plot III. N. 5.

Son of Mrs. Mary J. Turner, of Horeham Flat Farm, Horeham Road, Sussex.

 

 

31860 Private

W. Geary

15th Bn. Sherwood Foresters

 (Notts and Derby Regiment)

30/05/1916

Plot III. J. 7.

64364 Gunner

James Willie Barker

"C" Bty. 87th Bde. Royal Field Artillery

22/03/1916, aged 29.

Plot II. U. 12

Husband of Betsy Barker, of Burnt Acres Farm, Eastwood, Todmorden.

 

Picture courtesy of Jerry Cockeram

 

 

 

 

 

                             

             

 

 

18/521 Private

John Harper

18th Bn. Durham Light Infantry

27/07/1916, aged 36.

Husband of Eliza Harper, of North Side, Shadforth, Durham.

Plot III. G. 15.

 

Picture courtesy of great granddaughter Raquel de Salis & great, great grandson Leo de Salis

 

 

Leo is pictured, right - at the grave of his great, great grandfather

 

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