Y FARM MILITARY CEMETERY

Bois-Grenier

Nord

France

 

General Directions: Bois Grenier is a small village in the Department of the Nord, about 4 kilometres due South of Armentieres. Leave Bois Grenier on the D222 in the direction of Fleurbaix. After 1200 metres turn left following the signs for the Cemetery, which can be found on the right hand side after the farm, approximately 800 metres from the main road.

 

The cemetery was named after a nearby farm, called by the Army "Y" (or Wye) Farm. It was begun in March 1915 and used by units holding this sector until February 1918. At the Armistice it contained 335 burials, but it was then increased when graves were brought in from the battlefields south of Armentieres and from the following cemeteries:- CROIX-BLANCHE BRITISH CEMETERY, FLEURBAIX (Pas-de-Calais), in a garden by the road leading South-East from Croix-Blanche. It was begun by the 2nd Yorks and the 1st Grenadier Guards, and used from November, 1914 to July, 1916; it contained the graves of 36 soldiers from the United Kingdom DON GERMAN CEMETERY, ALLENNES-LES-MARAIS (Nord) (one Indian grave). DOULIEU CHURCHYARD (Nord), containing the graves of four soldiers from the United Kingdom, who fell in October, 1914, and one from Australia, who fell in 1917. HANTAY COMMUNAL CEMETERY GERMAN EXTENSION (Nord) (one Indian grave). LESTREM COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION (Pas-de-Calais), which was made by the Germans in the summer of 1918. They buried in it three soldiers and two airmen from the United Kingdom; and when Lestrem was recaptured a British Plot was made in which 17 soldiers from the United Kingdom were buried. MARQUILLIES COMMUNAL CEMETERY and GERMAN EXTENSION (Nord) (three Indian graves). MOUVAUX MILITARY CEMETERY (Nord), used from October, 1918, to October, 1919. It was in the grounds of the Monastery at Haut-Mont, close to the aerodrome; and it contained the graves of 51 soldiers and airmen from the United Kingdom, one soldier from Canada, and three men of the Cape Coloured Labour Regiment. PONT-A-MARCQ COMMUNAL CEMETERY GERMAN EXTENSION (Nord), which contained the graves of four soldiers from the United Kingdom and about 150 German soldiers. TEMPLEUVE COMMUNAL CEMETERY (Nord), in which one soldier from the United Kingdom and one from Australia were buried by the Germans, with about 200 of their men. Y Farm Military Cemetery now contains 820 burials and commemorations of the First World War. 284 of the burials are unidentified and a special memorial commemorates one New Zealand casualty believed to be buried among them. Another special memorial commemorates an Indian soldier known to have been buried in Marquillies Communal Cemetery German Extension whose grave could not be found.

 

The cemetery was designed by  Sir Herbert Baker

 

Victoria Cross: Lieutenant George Raymond Dallas Moor, VC, MC and bar, 2nd Bn. Hampshire Regiment, attached 30th Division HQ, died 03/11/1918, aged 22. Row C. 86.

 

Citation: An extract from "The London Gazette," No. 29240, dated 23rd July, 1915, records the following:- "For most conspicuous bravery and resource on 5th June, 1915, during operations south of Krithia, Dardanelles. When a detachment of a battalion on his left, which had lost all its officers, was rapidly retiring before a heavy Turkish attack, Second Lieutenant Moor, immediately grasping the danger to the remainder of the line, dashed back some 200 yards, stemmed the retirement, led back the men, and recaptured the lost trench. This young officer, who only joined the Army in October, 1914, by his personal bravery and presence of mind, saved a dangerous situation."

 

Shot at Dawn: 1239 Private A. Davids, 1st cape Coloured Labour Regiment, executed for murder 26/08/1919, row A. 15.

 

Shot at Dawn: 49 Private W. P. Harris, 1st Cape Coloured Labour Regiment, executed for murder, 26/08/1919, row A. 14.

 

Shot at Dawn: 1454 Private F. Boos, 1st Cape Coloured Labour Regiment, executed for murder, 15/10/1919, row A. 16.

 

The mass pardon of 306 British Empire soldiers executed for certain offences during the Great War was enacted in section 359 of the Armed Forces Act 2006, which came into effect on royal assent on 8 November 2006.

 

 

Casualty Details: UK 529, Canada 24, Australia 163, New Zealand 43, South Africa 3, India 58, Germany 2, Total Burials: 822

 

 

The two Indian plots

 

 

 

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